Despite the fact that ISRO was a little late to the party in the earliest days of space exploration – having only been created around the time the United States was already putting astronauts on the Moon – India has come a long way in terms of space research progress.
Over several decades, ISRO has relied on a variety of different launch vehicles to handle its diverse mission needs. Its first launch vehicle was Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3), which ISRO successfully launched for the first time in 1980, making India the sixth world nation to have spacefaring capabilities.
The new Cosmic Vision mission agenda – guided by the new European Space Policy – groups astrophysics, fundamental physics, and solar system exploration missions into small class, medium class, and large class missions.
Given that the vast majority of the Horizon 2000 missions were successful and far exceeded their originally intended lifespans, the ESA reconvened in 1994, 10 years after the original Horizon 2000 planning.