George W. Bush’s (“Bush Jr.’s”) two-term presidency and his national space policy were largely shaped by two tragic events: the terrorist attacks in New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001, and the disintegration of the Columbia space shuttle in 2003.
The United States National Space Policy is the product of the federal government’s effort to set the direction for the national space program. Throughout the history of the American space program, an evolution in space policy — and the process that creates it — has occurred.
Despite the fact that ISRO was a little late to the party in the earliest days of space exploration – having only been created around the time the United States was already putting astronauts on the Moon – India has come a long way in terms of space research progress.
Over several decades, ISRO has relied on a variety of different launch vehicles to handle its diverse mission needs. Its first launch vehicle was Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3), which ISRO successfully launched for the first time in 1980, making India the sixth world nation to have spacefaring capabilities.