In the first two parts, we discussed Sputnik I, the first satellite ever put into orbit, and Sputnik II, the follow-on mission to Sputnik I. In this last part, we’ll examine Explorer I, the first U.S. satellite in space.
George W. Bush’s (“Bush Jr.’s”) two-term presidency and his national space policy were largely shaped by two tragic events: the terrorist attacks in New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001, and the disintegration of the Columbia space shuttle in 2003.
The United States National Space Policy is the product of the federal government’s effort to set the direction for the national space program. Throughout the history of the American space program, an evolution in space policy — and the process that creates it — has occurred.
On May 6, 1968, astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, then assigned as backup commander for the Apollo 9 mission, took off on a simulated lunar landing mission in LLRV-1 from Ellington Air Force Base in Houston on his 22nd flight of the test vehicle.