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EDL Challenges with India’s Mangalyaan-2 Mission – Part II

The NASA Spirit and Opportunity rovers landed on Mars in 2004. They used a unique entry, descent, and landing (EDL) sequence that allowed for safe landing on the red planet. First, the rovers were encapsulated by heat shields that protected them from the heat of aerodynamic drag in the initial entry into the Martian atmosphere.

This Week in Space History: Isaac Newton’s Principia Published