By the early 1980s, heightened Cold War paranoia led many military leaders in the United States and the Soviet Union to question the survivability of stationary nuclear missile silos in the event of a full-scale nuclear exchange.
The Cold War was a globe-spanning war of ideas and ideals between the United States and the Soviet Union. Consisting of conflicts on the Korean Peninsula, Southeast Asia and wide-ranging spy operations, perhaps its most dramatic battlefield was set against the backdrop of space.
When the space age began, the opportunities to access space were limited to only a few nations and there were limited consequences for bad behavior. The special nature of space as a sphere of civilian and military activity continues to draw increasing interest as more countries develop and enhance their space programs.